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237. Addresses of Persons of Rank and Distinction:- [Adapted from the "Dictionary of Daily Wants," published by Houlston and Sons, Paternoster Square, E.C., in one volume, half bound, at 7s. 6d., or in three separate volumes, cloth, each 2s. 6d.]

238. The Royal Family.

Superscription.--To the Queen's (King's) Most Excellent Majesty.

Commencement.--Most Gracious Sovereign; May it please your Majesty.

Conclusion.--I remain, with the profoundest veneration, Your Majesty's most faithful subject and dutiful servant.

239. --Princes of the Blood Royal.

i. The Sons and Daughters, Brothers and Sisters, Uncles and Aunts of the Sovereign.

Sup.--To His (Her) Royal Highness the Prince of Wales (Princess Beatrice).

Comm.--Your Royal Highness.

Con.--I remain, with the greatest respect (I have the honour to be), your Royal Highness's most obedient servant.

ii. Other branches of the Royal Family.

Sup.--To His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge.

Comm.--Your Royal Highness.

Con.--I remain, with the greatest respect, your Royal Highness's most humble and obedient servant.

240. Nobility and Gentry.

i. Duke or Duchess.

Sup.--To His Grace the Duke (Her Grace the Duchess) of Northumberland.

Comm.--My Lord Duke (Madam).

Con.--I have the honour to be, My Lord Duke (Madam), Your Grace's most devoted and obedient servant.

ii. Marquis or Marchioness.

Sup.--To the Most Noble the Marquis (Marchioness) of Salisbury.

Comm.--My Lord Marquis (Madam).

Con.--I have the honour to be, My Lord Marquis, Your Lordship's (Madam, Your Ladyship's) most obedient and most humble servant.

iii. Earl or Countess.

Sup.--To the Right Honourable the Earl (Countess) of Aberdeen.

Comm.--My Lord (Madam).

Con.--I have the honour to be, My Lord, Your Lordship's (Madam, Your Ladyship's) most obedient and very humble servant.

iv. Viscount or Viscountess.

Sup.--To the Right Honourable Lord Viscount (Lady Viscountess) Gough.

Comm. and Con. same as Earl's.

v. Baron or Baroness.

Sup.--To the Right Honourable Lord (Lady) Rowton.

Comm. and Con. same as Earl's.

vi. Younger Sons of Earls, and all the Sons of Viscounts and Barons.

Sup.--To the Honourable Arthur Hamilton Gordon.

Comm.--Honoured Sir.

Con.--I have the honour to be, Honoured Sir, Your most obedient and very humble servant.

vii. Baronet and His Wife.

Sup.--To Sir Stafford Northcote, Bart. (Lady Northcote).

Comm.--Sir (Madam).

Con.--I have the honour to be, Sir, Your most humble and obedient (Madam, Your Ladyship's most obedient and very humble) servant.

viii. Knight and his Wife.

Sup.--To Sir Francis Wyatt Truscott (Lady Truscott)

Comm. and Con. as preceding.

ix. Esquire.--This title is now accorded to every man of position and respectability, but persons entitled to superior consideration are distinguished by "&c., &c., &c.," added to their superscriptor.

The wives of Gentlemen, when several of the same name are married, are distinguished by the Christian name of their husbands, as Mrs. John Harvey, Mrs. William Temple.

x. Privy Councillors.--These have the title of Right Honourable, which is prefixed to their name thus:

Sup.--To the Right Honourable William Ewart Gladstone, M.P.

Comm.--Sir.

Con.--I have the honour to be, Sir, Your most obedient very humble servant.

241. The Clergy.

i. Archbishop.

Sup.--To His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury.

Comm.--Your Grace.

Con.--I remain, Your Grace's most devoted obedient servant.

ii. Bishop.

Sup.--To the Right Reverend the Bishop of Winchester.

Comm.--Right Reverend Sir.

Con.--I remain, Right Reverend Sir, Your most obedient humble servant.

iii. Doctor of Divinity.

Sup.--To the Reverend James William Vivian, D.D., or, To the Reverend Dr. Vivian.

Comm.--Reverend Sir.

Con.--I have the honour to be, Reverend Sir, Your most obedient servant.

iv. Dean.

Sup.--To the Very Reverend The Dean of St. Paul's; or, To the Very Reverend Richard William Church, M.A., D.C.L., D.D., Dean of St. Paul's.

Comm.--Mr. Dean; or, Reverend Sir.

Con.--I have the honour to be, Mr. Dean (or Reverend Sir), Your most obedient servant.

v. Archdeacon.

Sup.--To the Venerable Archdeacon Hessey, D.C.L.

Comm.--Reverend Sir.

Con.--I have the honour to remain, Reverend Sir, Your most obedient servant.

vi. Clergymen.

Sup.--To the Reverend Thomas Dale.

Comm. and Con. same as the preceding.

vii. Clergymen with Titles.--When a Bishop or other Clergyman possesses the title of Right Honourable or Honourable, it is prefixed to his Clerical title, but Baronets and Knights have their clerical title placed first, as in the following examples:-

Sup.--To the Right Honourable and Right Reverend the Bishop of Bath and Wells.

Sup.--To the Honourable and Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Norwich.

Sup.--To the Right Honourable and Reverend Lord Wriothesley Russell, M.A.

Sup.--To the Honourable and Reverend Baptist Wriothesley Noel, M.A.

Sup.--To the Reverend Sir Henry R. Dukinfield, Bart., M.A.

No clerical dignity confers a title or rank on the wife of the dignitary, who is simply addressed Mistress, unless possessing a title in her own right, or through her husband, independently of clerical rank.

242. Judges, &c.

i. Lord Chancellor.

Sup.--To the Right Honourable Roundell Palmer, Lord Selborne, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

ii. Master of the Rolls.

Sup.--To the Right Honourable the Master of the Rolls.

iii. Chief Justice.

Sup.--To the Right Honourable the Lord Chief Justice; or, the Right Honourable Lord Coleridge, Lord Chief Justice of England.

The Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas is addressed in the same form, and are all styled My Lord.

iv. Lords Justices of Appeal.--The Lords Justices of Appeal are Knights, and should be addressed thus:

Sup.--To the Right Honourable Sir W. Milbourne James, Knt.

v. Judge of County Courts.

Sup.--To John James Jeffreys, Esquire, Judge of County Courts.

243. Officers of the Navy and Army.

i. Naval Officers.--Admirals have the rank of their flag added to their own name and title thus:

Sup.--To the Honourable Sir Richard Saunders Dundas, Admiral of the White.

If untitled, they are simply styled Sir.

Commodores are addressed in the same way as admirals.

Captains are addressed either to "Captain William Smith, R.N.;" or if on service, "To William Smith, Esquire, Captain of H.M.S. ----"

Lieutenants are addressed in the same way.

ii. Military Officers.--All officers in the army above Lieutenants, Cornets, and Ensigns, have their military rank prefixed to their name and title.

Sup.--To General Sir Frederick Roberts.

Subalterns are addressed as Esquire, with the regiment to which they belong, if on service.

244. Municipal Officers.

i. Lord Mayor.

Sup.--To the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor (the Lady Mayoress) of London, York, Dublin; The Lord Provost (The Lady Provost) of Edinburgh.

Comm.--My Lord (Madam).

Con.--I have the honour to be, my Lord, Your Lordship's (Madam, Your Ladyship's) most obedient humble servant.

ii. The Mayors of all Corporations, with the Sheriffs, Aldermen, and Recorder of London, are styled Right Worshipful; and the Aldermen and Recorder of other Corporations, as well as Justices of the Peace, Worshipful.

245. Ambassadors.--Ambassadors have Excellency prefixed to their other titles, and their accredited rank added.

Sup.--To His Excellency Count Karolyi, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary from H.I.M. (His Imperial Majesty) The Emperor of Austria.

Sup.--To His Excellency The Right Honourable Earl of Dufferin, K.P., G.C.M.G., K.C.B., Her Britannic Majesty's Ambassor Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Sublime Ottoman Porte.

Comm.--My Lord.

Con.--I have the honour to be, My Lord, Your Excellency's Most humble obedient servant.

The wives of Ambassadors have also Excellency added to their titles.

Envoys and Chargés d'Affaires are generally styled Excellency, but by courtesy only.

Consuls have only their accredited rank added to their names or titles, if they have any.


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