441. Economy.--If you have a strip of land, do not throw away soapsuds. Soapsuds are good manure for bushes and young plants.
442. Woollen Clothes should be washed in very hot suds, and not rinsed. Lukewarm water shrinks them.
443. Do not let coffee and tea stand in tin.
444. Scald your wooden-ware often, and keep your tin-ware dry.
445. Preserve the backs of old letters to write upon.
446. If you have Children who are learning to write, buy coarse white paper by the quantity, and make it up into writing-books. This does not cost half so much as it does to buy them ready made at the stationer's.
447. See that nothing is thrown away which might have served to nourish your own family or a poorer one.
448. As far as possible, have pieces of bread eaten up before they become hard: spread those that are not eaten, and let them dry, to be pounded for puddings, or soaked for brewis.
449. Brewis is made of crusts and dry pieces of bread, soaked a good while in hot milk, mashed up, and eaten with salt. Above all, do not let crusts accumulate in such quantities that they cannot be used. With proper care, there is no need of losing a particle of bread.
450. All the Mending in the house should be done once a week if possible.
451. Never put out Sewing. If it be not possible to do it in your own family, hire some one to come to the house and work with them.
452. A Warming-Pan full of coals, or a shovel of coals, held over varnished furniture, will take out white spots. Care should be taken not to hold the pan near enough to scorch; the place to which heat has thus been applied, should be rubbed with a flannel while warm.
453. Sal-Volatile or hartshorn will restore colours taken out by acid. It may be dropped upon any garment without doing harm.
454. New Iron should be very gradually heated at first. After it has become inured to the heat, it is not so likely to crack.
455. Clean a Brass Kettle, before using it for cooking, with salt and vinegar.
456. Shaking Carpets.--The oftener carpets are shaken the longer they wear; the dirt that collects under them grinds out the threads.
457. All Linen Rags should be saved, for they are useful in sickness. If they have become dirty and worn by cleaning silver, &c., wash them and scrape them into lint.
458. If you are troubled to get Soft Water for Washing, fill a tub or barrel half full of wood ashes, and fill it up with water, so that you may have ley whenever you want it. A gallon of strong ley, put into a great kettle of hard water, will make if as soft as rain water. Some people use pearlash, or potash; but this costs something, and is very apt to injure the texture of the cloth.
459. Do not let Knives be dropped into hot dish-water. It is a good plan to have a large tin pot to wash them in, just high enough to wash the blades without wetting the handles.
460. It is better to accomplish perfectly a very small amount of work than to half do ten times as much.
461. Charcoal Powder will be found a very good thing to give knives a first-rate polish.
462. A Bonnet and Trimmings may be worn a much longer time, if the dust be brushed well off after walking.
463. Much Knowledge may be obtained by the good housewife observing how things are managed in well- regulated families.
464. Apples intended for dumplings should not have the core taken out of them, as the pips impart a delicious flavour to the dumpling.
465. A Rice Pudding is excellent without either eggs or sugar, if baked gently: it keeps better without eggs.
466. "Wilful Waste makes Woful Want."--Do not cook a fresh joint whilst any of the lst remains uneaten-- hash it up, and with gravy and a little management, eke out another day's dinner.
467. The Shanks of Mutton make a good stock for nearly any kind of gravy, and they are very cheap--a dozen may be had for a penny, enough to make a quart of delicious soup.
468. Thick Curtains, closely drawn around the bed, are very injurious, because they not only confine the effluvia thrown off from our bodies whilst in bed, but interrupt the current of pure air.
469. Regularity in the payment of accounts is essential to housekeeping. All tradesmen's bills should be paid weekly, for then any errors can be detected whilst the transactions are fresh in the memory.
470. Allowing Children to Talk incessantly is a mistake. We do not mean to say that they should be restricted from talking in proper seasons, but they should be taught to know when it is proper for them to cease.