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485. Confections and Electuaries.

486. Confections are used as vehicles for the administration of more active medicines, and Electuaries are made for the purpose of rendering some remedies palatable. Both should be kept in closely covered jars.

487. Almond Confection.--Remove the outer coat from an ounce of sweet almonds, and beat them well in a mortar with one drachm of powdered gum arabic, and half an ounce of white sugar. Use to make a demilcent mixture known as "almond emulsion."

488. Alum Confection.--Mix two scruples of powdered alum with four scruples of treacle. Dose, half a drachm. Use as astringent in sore throat, relaxed uvula, and ulcerations of mouth.

489. Orange Confection.--Take one ounce of the freshly rasped rind of orange, and mix it with three ounces of white sugar, and beat together till perfectly incorporated. Dose, from one drachm to one ounce. Use as a gentle stomachic and tonic, and as a vehicle for administering tonic powders.

490. Black Pepper Confection.--Take of black pepper and elocampane root, each one ounce; fennel seeds, three ounces; honey and sugar, of each two ounces. Rub the dry ingredients to a fine powder, and when the confection is wanted, add the honey, and mix well. Dose, from one to two drachms. Use in hæmorrhoids, or piles.

491. Cowhage.--Mix in treacle as much of the fine hairs or spiculæ of cowhage as the treacle will take up. Dose, a teaspoonful every morning and evening. Use as an anthelmintic.

492. Senna Confection. No. 1--Take of senna, powdered, four ounces; figs, half a pound; cassia pulp, tamarind pulp, and the pulp of prunes, each four ounces; coriander seeds, powdered, two ounces; liquorice root, one ounce and a half; sugar, one pound and a quarter; water, one pint and a half. Rub the senna with the coriaber, and separate, by sifting, five ounces of the mixture. Boil the water, with the figs and liquorice added, until it is reduced to one half; then press out and strain the liquor. Evaporate the strained liquor in a jar by boiling until twelve fluid ounces remain; then add the sugar, and make a syrup. Now mix the pulps with the syrup, add the sifted powder, and mix well. Use as a purgative.

493. Senna Confection. No. 2--A more simple confection, but equally efficacious, may be made in the following manner. Infuse an ounce of senna leaves in a pint of boiling water, pouring the water on the leaves in a covered mug or jug, or even an old earthenware teapot. Let the infusion stand till it is cold, then strain off all the liquor, and place it in a saucepan or stewpan, adding to it one pound of prunes. Let the prunes stew gently by the side of the fire till the liquor is entirely absorbed. Use as a purgative or laxative, giving half a teaspoonful to children over ten years of age.

494. Castor Oil and Senna Confection.--Take one drachm of powdered gum arabic, and two ounces of confection of senna, and mix, by gradually rubbing together in a mortar, with half an ounce of castor oil. Dose, from half an ounce to an ounce. Use as a purgative.

495. Sulphur and Senna Confection.--Take of sulphur and sulphate of potash, each half an ounce; confection of senna, two ounces; oil of aniseed, twenty minims; mix well. Dose, from one to two drachms. Use as a purgative.

496. Cream of Tartar Confection.--Take one ounce of cream of tartar, one drachm of jalap, and half a drachm of powdered ginger; mix into a thick paste with treacle. Dose, two drachms. Use as a purgative.

497. Antispasmodic Electuary.--Take six drachms of powdered valerian and orange leaves, mixed and made into an electuary, with a sufficient quantity of syrup of wormwood. Dose, from one to two drachms, to be taken two or three times a day.


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