These are a peculiar kind of medicine, administered by injecting them into the rectum or outlet of the body. The intention is either to empty the bowels, kill worms, protect the lining membrane of the intestines from injury, restrain copious discharges, allay spasms in the bowels, or to nourish the body. These clysters, or glysters, are administered by means of bladders and pipes, or a proper apparatus.
511. Laxative.--Take two ounces of Epsom salts, and dissolve in three quarters of a pint of gruel, or thin broth, with an ounce of olive oil.
512. Nutritive.--Take twelve ounces of strong beef tea, and thicken with hartshorn shavings or arrowroot.
513. Turpentine.--Take half an ounce of oil of turpentine, the yolk of one egg, and half a pint of gruel. Mix the turpentine and egg, and then add the gruel. Use as an anthelmintic.
514. Common.--Dissolve one ounce of salt in twelve ounces of gruel.
515. Castor Oil.--Mix two ounces of castor oil with one drachm of starch, then rub them together, and add fourteen ounces of thin gruel. Use as a purgative.
516. Opium.--Rub three grains of opium with two ounces of starch, then add two ounces of warm watr. Use as an anodyne in colic, spasms, &c.
517. Oil.--Mix four ounces of olive oil with half an ounce of mucilage and half a pint of warm water. Use as a demulcent.
518. Asafœtida.--Mix one drachm of the tincture of asafœtida in a pint of barley water. Use as an anthelmintic, or in convulsions from teething.